Elsewhere this has been described as one of the main characteristics of the new south african diplomacy. The united states participated in the diplomatic efforts to bring about namibias 1990 independence from south africa and has since worked to strengthen. The interface of namibias foreign relations and economic cooperation lesley blaauw introduction the end of the cold war posed a new challenge for both international relations theorists and foreign policy practitioners. Hage geingob on 26 november 2018 commissioned 14 namibian ambassadors with a clear mandate to promote economic diplomacy. An assessment of economic and commercial diplomacy in micro. Economic integration, although still in its early phases in southern africa, holds great possibilities for namibia to benefit from a market of over 250 million people. Relations with namibia united states department of state. Namibias image abroad and to promote and protect national interest 25% a broaden diplomati c presence globally. More information about namibia is available on the namibia page and from other department of state publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet. Namibia s economic diplomacy is anchored in the foreign policy principles enshrined in article 96 of her constitution, which advocate, inter alia, the maintenance of mutual beneficial relations. Exploration of a critical nexus andre du pisani introduction the quintessential statement on the nexus between the foreign relations of a state and its security comes from classical realism, a tradition of scholarship that has dominated the study of international relations for several decades. Fixed term 1 year contract may be extended, subject to funding salary. Having posted an average rate of economic growth of 4. An assessment of economic and commercial diplomacy in.
For example, in august 2014 australias coalition government. It then makes the case that economic diplomacy has become more important with increased international economic. Economic diplomacy has to do with issues of investment, market access trade, credit. Rajaratnam school of international studies rsis, nanyang technological university ntu 2 a vision of inclusion. Minisitry of international relations and cooperation introduction the mandate of the vote the ministry of international relations and cooperation hitherto known as the ministry of foreign affairs is the projection of namibias image abroad. Economic diplomacy oxford research encyclopedia of. Economic diplomacy economic diplomacy is a somewhat new term that is often used in an imprecise manner. The broad spectrum illustrates the multifaceted character of economic diplomacy, the range of available techniques. The term economic diplomacy has established itself in the croatian sources as an umbrella term for all the activities of the national state to protect and promote its own economic interests in the international environment. The social and economic challenges of the namibian.
Namibia is ranked 10th among 47 countries in the subsaha ran africa region, and its overall score is above the regional average but below the world average. The conference brought together namibias foreign representatives worldwide. Namibia foreign policy has identified three key components to promote world peace, to encourage economic diplomacy and southsouth cooperation. Foreign service regulations, manual of operations of the ministry of foreign.
Page 1 of 9 republic of namibia ministry of international relations and cooperation performance agreement the contracting parties this performance agreement hereinafter referred to as pa is entered into between the government of the republic of namibia hereinafter referred to as grn, represented by the president h. Mainstream studies of diplomacy have traditionally approached international relations ir using realist and neorealist frameworks, resulting in statecentric analyses of mainly political agendas at the expense of economic matters. The scope of economic diplomacy can encompass the all of the main international economic activities of a state including, but not limited to, policy decisions designed to influence exports, imports, investments, lending, aid, free trade. The role of sadc in managing political crisis and conflict.
Currently, the namibia vision 2030 is being implemented through a mediumterm document for national development, called ndp 4. Recently, however, scholars have begun to focus on understanding international relations beyond security. Economic diplomacy economic diplomacy is a relatively new term that is often used in a nebulous manner. The foreign policy of china towards africa and namibias foreign policy towards. Supporting inclusive growth and sustainable development in africa is the theme of the 2019 conomic summit, organized by the economics association of zambia eaz with support from various stakeholders. It leads the list of countries by income inequality with a gini coefficient of 59. Namibia also produces large quantities of zinc and is a smaller producer of gold and copper. This is the first principle and the central objective of the policy and, indeed, of namibia s diplomacy. Joseph chilaizya says zambia will foster economic diplomacy with the united states of america in order for the country to. Namibia also adopts conference diplomacy as a form of multilateral economic diplomacy. A bibliography on south african diplomacy 77 remarks by president jacob zuma to the media at the conclusion of the official talks with president jose eduardo dos santos of the republic of. Current developments in south african diplomacy diplofoundation.
Namibias economic diplomacy is anchored in the foreign policy principles enshrined in article 96 of her constitution, which. E a harruna attah, high commissioner of ghana to namibia and botswana. Economic diplomacy defined the process through which countries tackle the outside world, to maximize their national gain in all the fields of activity including trade, investment and other forms of economically beneficial exchanges, where they enjoy comparative advantage it has bilateral, regional and multilateral dimensions, each of which is. Namibia s economy remains vulnerable to world commodity price fluctuations and drought. Globalisation and its impact on economic diplomacy an.
The contributions cover many aspects of economic diplomacy from different angles and perspectives. Namibias digital foreign policy and diplomacy diplofoundation. Namibia, further enacted laws and adopted policies that serve as domestic instruments of economic diplomacy. Unpacking chinas resource diplomacy in africa by ian taylor school of international relations, university of st andrews and. The test which confronted them was how to establish a. The choice of this case study is a recognition of the growing tourism relations as a new dimension of their evolving bilateral diplomacy and because bilateral negotiations remains.
Economic diplomacy is the use of the full spectrum economic tools of a state to achieve its national interests. Namibia economy, politics and gdp growth summary the. President edgar lungu scores milestones in economic diplomacy. This brochure is design as a guide for investors who wish to have readymade information, which could be used in. The term economic diplomacy appears regularly in scholarly paper and official documents. This article begins by discussing how economic diplomacy might be seen as a distinct component in diplomacy in general and how the approach to decisionmaking and negotiation on mainstream economic topics may diverge from more overtly political diplomacy. It is more complex than ever before as a result of several factors. The master of international relations, diplomacy and management is open to all talented candidates, regardless of discipline. Chief diplomat of namibia, outside the country are necessary, as they promote economic and security interests of our country. This research project is proposed to evaluate namibias policy of economic diplomacy, examine the current status of the bilateral relations between namibia and the drc in order to establish why there seems to be very little economic benefits for namibia despite the assumed excellent relations. The management of relations with individual foreign countries is a core task in foreign affairs. The concept, which is continually evolving, also encompasses the dissemination of values.
Economic diplomacy has to do with issues of investment, market access trade, credit, transfer of technology, human resource development, etc. However, the namibian political landscape will continue to fragment in 2020 as the country suffers its worst recession since independence in 1990 with the coronavirus pandemic causing namibias gdp to contract by 6. Former president of the republic of namibia, comrade hifikepunye lukas. The 2004 white paper on namibias foreign policy and diplomacy management makes prominent references to information technology it. Transnational economic ngo diplomats, with their multitude of transborder alliances, and pressure groups have added to the traditional domain of economic diplomacy a supraterritorial relations component thereby partially undermining the sovereignty of states in conducting international economic. This research project is proposed to evaluate namibia s policy of economic diplomacy, examine the current status of the bilateral relations between namibia and the drc in order to establish why there seems to be very little economic benefits for namibia despite the assumed excellent relations. Under the broader concept of economic diplomacy we distinguish the activities of economic diplomacy and commercial diplomacy. An overview of the namibian economy quantum global group.
Economic diplomacy, product characteristics and the level. Bearing in mind the traditional ties of french and russian school of diplomacy, the term has been established, and in the russian terminology. These five principles are namely, mutual respect for each others territorial. Economic diplomacy can become an important tool for foreign policy of the government to promote economic interest of namibia in relation to trade promotion, attracting investment through channels of diplomacy. The concept of economic diplomacy in international law can be better assessed based on some important economic projects canvassed within the united nations. Keywords economic diplomacy, regional integration, bilateral diplomacy, african trade. Thus, the african continent is not without a significant number of challenges, but it also is not without numerous positive examples of peacebuilding programmes and diplomacy, and in particular, cultural diplomacy.
Nigerias soft power and economic diplomacy in africa. The functions and objectives of economic diplomacy nawalelgadiry, ismaeilhammuda. Minisitry of international relations and cooperation introduction the mandate of the vote the ministry of international relations and cooperation hitherto known as the ministry of foreign affairs is the projection of namibia s image abroad. Delivered on 1 september 2016 at the high performance movement lecture series for the harold pupkewitz graduate school of business, at the namibia university of science of technology, windhoek, namibia. Namibias president, hage geingob, will remain in power in 202024, as will his quasisocialist swapo party. To be eligible for entry into this qualification prospective student must meet the following requirements.
Cost of doing business in namibia introduction the cost of doing business in namibia is an annual publication embarked on by the namibia investment centre nic a department within the ministry of trade and industry. The main concern of economic diplomacy of namibia is to support economic development of the country through the integration of national economy with the international economy. It argues that recent moves towards an import substitution approach should be carefully calibrated, and that the emphasis in framing namibia s external economic integration should lie in encouraging multinational companies to invest in namibia and to include namibian companies in. The term economic diplomacy as described by bayne and woolcock, 2007 is broad and elastic enough to accommodate a scope and content that is much broader than diplomacy in its traditional sense. The study makes an epistemological contribution to the study of ir, that the world is constructed under the hierarchical order that constrains powerbased relations and minimises conflicts in international trade. F51, f14, o55 we thank an anonymous referee, as well as the editors of. Ncci namibia chamber of commerce and industry ndf national defence force ndp national development plan neacb national examination, assessment and certification board nepad new partnership for african development nepls nonexclusive prospecting licenses nepru namibia economic policy research unit ngo nongovernmental organizations. View economic diplomacy research papers on academia.
Theoretical principles of economic diplomacy by dubravko duby. Although the majority of the population engages in subsistence agriculture and herding, namibia has more than 200,000 skilled workers and a considerable number of welltrained professionals and managerials. Botswana, namibia, and malawi, out of a total of 58 countries. The economy of namibia has a modern market sector, which produces most of the countrys wealth, and a traditional subsistence sector.
The 2004 white paper on namibia s foreign policy and diplomacy management makes prominent references to information technology it. Trade and services, official development assistance. Economic diplomacy, product characteristics and the level of. The new public diplomacy soft power in international relations peter neville appeasing hitler the diplomacy of sir nevile henderson, 193739 m. Pdf on mar 7, 2018, helen kavvadia and others published the economic diplomacy of small states. Namibias foreign relations and economic cooperation. Africa has over the years pursued economic diplomacy in a quest to increase exports, particularly of. The chinese dream executive summary when chinas foreign ministry inaugurated a new. Economic diplomacy is thus a part of and at the same time an instrument of foreign policy concerned with decisionmaking processes and employment of political economic. This is the first principle and the central objective of the policy and, indeed, of namibias diplomacy. Economic diplomacy section 3 overview recognition of the economic situation and japans economic diplomacy in 2016, in addition to actions by the u. The interface of namibia s foreign relations and economic cooperation. Economic diplomacy needs to be employed in order to connect. Economic diplomacy not only promotes the states prosperity but also, as occasion demands and opportunity permits, manipulates its foreign commercial and financial relations in support of its foreign policy as in the case of sanctions against iran.
Economic globalization and economic diplomacy it is of a particular importance to design the concept note of economic diplomacy in the current stage of economic globalization, when the estimated. This study is about the economic diplomacy of namibia, as a small state, for the period 1990 2015. Rawnsley radio diplomacy and propaganda the bbc and voa in international politics, 195664. Policy coherence, global influence, coordination, regulatory cooperation and political dialogue are key. Economy president edgar lungu scores milestones in. Peterson recognition of governments legal doctrine and state practice, 18151995 gary d. In a broader sense, economic diplomacy can mean intelligence gathering to help wield influence. Economic diplomacy deals with the nexus between power and wealth in international affairs. Zambias charge daffaires at the embassy in washington d.1167 1399 188 965 217 1201 576 897 1077 1003 1312 1532 1289 1358 1072 1048 810 1056 641 906 480 772 1473 455 1203 918 1267 775 44 1174 542