Gordon allport 1897 1967 was one of the founders of personality psychology. Gordon allport was a very wellknown american psychologist who laid the foundations for personality psychology. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Gordon allport psychology of individual slideshare. One of gordon allports most significant contributions to psychology was his theory on personality traits, known as trait theory.
Basic considerations for a psychology of personality based on the terry lectures delivered at yale university by allport gordon w. A shy and studious boy, he was teased quite a bit and lived a fairly isolated childhood. Oct 12, 2014 gordon allport psychology of individual 1. Gordon willard allport spent nearly his entire academic career at harvard, completing both his bachelors degree and his phd at the university, and serving as a faculty member from 1930 1967. A cardinal trait is a trait that defines and dominates ones personality and behavior. We provide an overview of the type and trait theory of personality as developed by this famous psychologist. Allport and henry odbert worked through two of the most comprehensive dictionaries of the english language available and extracted around 18,000 personalitydescribing words. Gordon was interested in personality, and at the time, personality was not a formal subdiscipline of psychology and it certainly was not as fashionable as social psychology. This volume is based on the terry lectures, which the. Basic considerations for a psychology of personality by. Pdf the nature of prejudice download full pdf book. Learn about gordon allport and his impact on psychology. Modern psychology is in a dilemma, allport states, for it has trimmed down the image of man as a free democratic being. Gordon willard allport spent nearly his entire academic career at harvard.
He rejected two of the dominant schools of thought in psychology at the time, psychoanalysis and behaviorism, in favor of his own approach that stressed the importance of individual differences and situational variables. Modern psychology is in a dilemma, allpost states, for it has trimmed down the image of man. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as one of the founding figures of personality psychology. Margaret alic gordon willard allport was one of the great personality theorists of the twentieth century. Handbook of personality psychology offers a onestop source for the most. Gordon allport was a pioneering psychologist often referred to as one of the founders of personality psychology. The book was widely read and cited, not only by other psychologists but also by civil rights leaders such as martin luther king, jr. His book social psychology 1924 impacted all future writings in the field. His theory is considered one of the first humanist theories because it conceives man as an autonomous being with free will. Having experienced the impact of different schools, allport did not actually belong to any of them, and created his own. The measurement of consistent patterns of habit in an individuals behavior, thoughts, and emotions. Over the past 50 years, gordon allports views of personality, and of personality psychology as a science, have had a guiding and pervasive influence.
Appointed a social science instructor at harvard university in 1924, he became professor of psychology six years later and, in the last year of his life, professor of social ethics. Allport, the chief founder of the psychological study of personality and the informal dean of american psychologists during his lifetime, was born in montezuma, indiana. A closer look at trait theories of personality verywell mind. Gordon allport was born in montezuma, indiana, in 1897, the youngest of four brothers. His theory of personality, which rejected both freudian psychology and behaviorism, emphasized the uniqueness of the individual and the need to treat problems in terms of present conditions as opposed to childhood experiences. Allport was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of the personality, and is often referred to as. Gale encyclopedia of psychology allport, gordon willard 1897 1967 authors. The family moved often, until they settled in cleveland, ohio, where allport grew up in a hardworking, protestant neighborhood. Allport, gordon gordon willard allport november 11, 1897 october 9, 1967 was an american psychologist, who played a major role in shaping the. He is known for coming up with the trait theory of personality, which categorizes traits or dispositions into three levels. Carl rogers is bestknown for his nondirective approach to treatment known as clientcentered therapy.
Allport also conducted seminal research into the psychological underpinnings of prejudice and discrimination. Trait perspectives on personality boundless psychology. By signing up, youll get thousands of stepbystep solutions to your homework. Gordon willard allport was an american psychologist. One of gordon allport s most significant contributions to psychology was his theory on personality traits, known as trait theory.
Gordon allport an american psychologist psychology essay. His theory of personality, which rejected both freudian psychology and behaviorism, emphasized the uniqueness of the individual and. What was gordon allport s contribution to psychology. Born in indiana in 1897, gordon allport was one of four children. One of the first psychologists to study personality, allport researched human attitudes, prejudices, and religious beliefs. It is likely that gordon followed his brother through school in an attempt to find himself. Gordon allport was a 20th century psychologist who studied personality and personality traits early life. His research and writings have been recognized by the gordon allport. Gordon allport 18971967 gordon allport was one of the first modern trait theorists. Having experienced the impact of different schools, allport did not.
The theory is based on the stability of traits over time, how they differ from other individuals, and how they will influence human behavior. Discontinuity allport distinguished between continuity and discontinuity theories continuity theories posited incremental. He came east to study at harvard university, and, while doing social work as an undergraduate, discovered that, in order to help people deal effectively with their. Gordon allport believed that traits that individuals posess is what makes up the personality. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Of these two terms behavior is placed first because it is an explanatory principle, and therefore more fundamental. In 1954 he published the nature of prejudice, based on his research. Pdf trait theory is one of the major approaches to the study of human download fulltext pdf gordon allport was a pioneer in the study. An introduction to gordon allports the nature of prejudice. This short video from macat explains the key ideas in the work in only a. Gordon allport value ethics personality psychology.
Gordon allport was a psychologist who laid the foundations of personality psychology. His work was a synthesis of individual personality traits and the traditional psychology of william james, which. He reported feeling different from others, including his older brother. His father was a country doctor, which meant that gordon grew up with his fathers patients and nurses and all the paraphernalia of a miniature hospital. May 24, 2016 overview of allport s psychology of the individual as a 22yearold student, gordon allport had a short but pertinent visit with freud in vienna, a meeting that changed allport s life and altered the course of personality psychology in the united states.
What was gordon allports contribution to psychology. With his 1954 book the nature of prejudice, american psychologist gordon allport displays the crucial skill of reasoning, producing and organizing an argument that was persuasive enough to have a major impact not only in universities, but also on government policy. The book was widely read and cited, not only by other psychologists but also by. Allport argued that instincts and impulses arent the only things that motivate human beings.
Gordon allport was one of the pioneer trait theorists who attempted to list the traits that make an individuals personality. Gordon allport believed that personality traits are individualized, unique characteristics that evolve within a person throughout the lifespan boeree, 1998, 2006. His initial fame came from his central role in establishing the scientific study of personality as a major component of academic psychology. Floyd henry allport august 22, 1890 october 15, 1979 was an american psychologist who is often considered the father of experimental social psychology, having played a key role in the creation of social psychology as a legitimate field of behavioral science.
At a time when behaviorism held sway in psychology departments in the u. In psychology, trait theory also called dispositional theory is an approach to the study of. Gordon allport s theory is one of the first humanistic theories, and would influence many other psychologists including abraham maslow and carl rogers gordon alport. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Dispositional psychology identifies the conscious motivations identified in explaining personality feist, 2006. Gordon allport is an outstanding figure in the world of psychology, and now there is hardly a book on psychology of personality without a special chapter on his theory, or at least references to it. Gordon allport, american psychologist and educator who developed an original theory of personality. The unassuming gordon allport had aided them all in many cases persuaded them to flee nazi germany, and had worked hard to find them employment in north america. Gordon allport, a us psychologist and educator, developed an original theory of personality. Allport department of psychology harvard psychology. Gordon allports theory is one of the first humanistic theories, and would influence many other psychologists including abraham maslow and carl rogers gordon alport. Understanding gordon allports trait theory of personality.
Gordon allport dispositional theory gordon allport. The person in psychology gordon allport snippet view 1968. Pdf over the past 50 years, gordon allport s views of personality, and of personality psychology as a science, have had a guiding and download full text pdf. A psychological interpretation by gordon w allport isbn. The myersbriggs type indicator is widely rejected by psychologists, so i find it slightly inappropriate to recommend it in a. Allports the nature of prejudice is one of the most influential works ever written in the field of psychology.
Psychology is the science which studies behavior and consciousness. Overview of allports psychology of the individual as a 22yearold student, gordon allport had a short but pertinent visit with freud in vienna, a meeting that changed allports life and altered the course of personality psychology in the united states. Gordon willard allport november 11, 1897 october 9, 1967 was an american psychologist. Gordon willard allport was a leading personality and social psychologist of the midtwentieth century. Gordon allports trait theory not only served as a foundational approach within. Jan 24, 2010 allport, gordon gordon willard allport november 11, 1897 october 9, 1967 was an american psychologist, who played a major role in shaping the fields of personality psychology and social psychology. The following information has been adapted from an article by dr. He appraises the present state of the psychology of personality and indicates its relevance to human welfare and religion. Out of the four ap psychology books ive purchased, this is the one which stands. Gordon allport created a measure to identify each persons central traits. Full text of the nature of prejudice internet archive. Mar 31, 2020 gordon allport was a pioneering psychologist often referred to as one of the founders of personality psychology.361 1212 110 86 1238 77 240 982 1389 861 1220 1229 228 906 364 1039 1326 1258 1288 999 1010 1509 801 222 789 86 1398 1397 320 219 814 17 65 290 767 1110